How to Have Lovely Green Lawns
Available spaces of lawns are lovely, however they take lots of work and resources. They cannot just happen. In Australia, we have the added complication of hot dry summers which most lawns don’t like. Lawns need lots of water, nutrients and time. Lawns are cooling, help us relax psychologically during summer and really are a great place to sit and have fun. Our youngsters and pets love lawns, especially to roll and play on. Love Irrigation on Flickr
Many gardeners dream of a soft green lawn but don’t understand what maintenance techniques are involved to do this look. This article will probably let you in to the tricks of the trade and assist you to produce a beautiful green lawn.
There are two forms of grasses cool season and warm season and they both have good and bad points. Cool season grasses such as bent, rye or fescue like temperatures between 10-20C and have two growth periods – autumn and spring. They are lovely and green over winter however they tend to go brown over summer. It is difficult to help keep them green over summer and they require lots of water. They have a smaller leaf, aren’t as robust whilst the warm seasons grasses and don’t seem to get involved with the maximum amount of trouble of warm season species. Cool season grasses multiply by seed or by producing more tillers around the first shoot that arises from the seed. A tiller is the new side growth, right close to the parent plant.
Warm seasons grasses this kind of buffalo, couch and kikuyu like warmer temperatures (20-30C) and tend to die down over winter in colder areas. They like tropical humid conditions and keep their colour over summer. They are drought tolerant and can tolerate neglect. But they’re very vigorous and get can get into all type of mischief. Warm season’s grasses spread by stolons and/or rhizomes. Rhizomes are now compressed stems and among the big draw backs of these kinds of grasses are they grow underneath the ground into your flower beds. Underground runners are very difficult to obtain rid off while they constantly grow back. Warm season grasses are much coarser and may be prickly to sit on. They tend to develop thatch over time.
As with all plants, the roots need oxygen and compaction is usually the major trouble with lawns. Compaction is when the soil particles are pushed together and the moisture and oxygen can’t penetrate the soil. This often happens in high traffic areas including the path to the clothes line. Compaction causes the grass to struggle and weeds to thrive as weeds have the ability to cope with soils with low oxygen. Compaction also causes bad drainage, preventing the water from soaking into the utmost effective soil and moving down profile. Puddles are brought on by either the pore spaces being packed with water, or the particles are very closely packed together, the water can’t filter through. The grass literally drowns because there is no oxygen!